Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. An inflammation process generally results because of the bacterial/viral attack on the body. In PID generally the Fallopian tubes become inflamed and swollen and there can also be some involvement with the uterus and ovaries. Generally women present with lower abdominal pain a temperature, unusual and sometimes offensive vaginal discharge, pain during sex, irregular menstrual bleeding and pain when urinating. But often because of the vagaries of the symptoms assessment and aren’t prioiritised.

Swelling or inflammation in the testes is referred to as Orchitis. The Testes are outside the body so that the Sperm are not overheated. Orchitis can be caused by STI’s amongst other things and requires medical attention for treatment.

Swelling or inflammation of the epididymis. The Epididymis is the little tube that allows the sperm to make its way from the Testes up to the Seminal Vesicle where it mixes with seminal fluid prior to becoming ejaculate. Epididymis may be caused by STI’s and it equires medical attention.

Sexual Sterility
Between 10 and 15% of women who have had PID may become infertile. This is dependent upon where the inflammation was and what areas have been effected. Generally this is as a result of scarring in the Fallopian tubes which blocks the normal movement of the egg.

Epididymitis and Orchitis are less commonly caused by STIs rather opportunistic bacteria are more commonly the cause. These are generally treatable with antibiotics.

Urethritis – Urinary Tract Infections.
Certain Bacteria develop rapidly in warm wet environments. Urinating post sexual intercourse and good daily fluid intact can decrease the risk of UTI’s

Anal, Vaginal and Throat Cancers have been linked to HPV.

Transferring the infection:
Failure to treat or have regular check ups is the main reason that STI’s continue to proliferate. The majority of STI’s testing and treatment is relatively straight forward.