All young people are striving to become socially competent individuals who have the skills to cope successfully with life (Balk, 1995). Knowledge, skills and attributes are internal resources and assets processed by young people that range from:
“…the ability to identify and understand one’s feelings, accurately read and comprehend emotional states in others, manage strong emotions and their expression, regulate one’s behaviour, experience and express empathy for others, and establish and sustain relationships. Skills and knowledge in the form of insight and self-awareness form the basis for self-regulation, enabling children to withstand impulses, maintain focus and undertake tasks regardless of competing interests” (AIHW, 2009; p60).
Knowledge, skills and attributes can be used to locate necessary resources and to negotiate for them to be provided in meaningful and culturally appropriate ways (Ungar, 2011).